What does the Robert Hooke Biography have to do with Jupiter's Great Red Spot?

As you'll see in the Robert Hooke Biography, he was the Leonardo Di Vinci of 17th century England. Though often forgotten, Robert Hooke played a significant role in the scientific revolution.

Robert Hooke’s Background

The Robert Hooke Biography begins on July 18, 1635. He was born in Freshwater on the Isle of Wright and died March 3, 1703. His father expected a lot from young Robert. He was expected to follow in the Reverend John Hooke's footsteps. Robert’s education was abandoned because of his poor health and frequent headaches. He eventually went on to attend Westminster School.

Robert Hooke, the natural philosopher, inventor, town planner, and architect

The Robert Hooke Biography claims he may have been one of the most important scientists of the 17th century. Even though a rival of Sir Isaac Newton, Robert Hooke’s discoveries and inventions have helped pave the way in fields such as medicine, physics, biology and astronomy.

His inventions include things like the universal joint, which is still used in cars today, and the balance spring used in the watches we all wear.

Robert Hooke’s book Micrographia was the basis for the early advances in biology and first contained the word “cell”. He said cells reminded him of monk’s cells. The book also includes a section on the building of microscopes.

After the Great fire of London, Robert Hooke was hired as a chief assistant to redesign London. Even though his street layouts weren’t used in London, Liverpool and a lot of American cities are laid out this way.

Robert Hooke along with Christopher Wren designed The Royal Observatory in Greenwich, The Monument, to the great fire of London, and St. Paul’s Cathedral. The dome on the Cathedral was built entirely using Robert Hooke’s design.

Robert Hooke and Sir Isaac Newton

Robert Hooke and Sir Isaac Newton had a huge dislike for each other according to the Robert Hooke Biography. It began when Robert Hooke criticized Newton on his belief that prism split white light. The dislike increased when Newton failed to say Robert Hooke had begun the study of inverse law of the study of gravitation.

Hooke and Astronomy

Robert Hooke was the inventor of the first Georgian reflecting telescope which lead to being one of the first to discover a binary star and also Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. By watching the red spot, Robert Hooke figured out Jupiter rotated on it’s axis. He went on to study Mars and reported Mar’s rotation. He continued his work in astronomy by also studying the craters of the moon. Among his many inventions is the crosshair sight for telescopes.

Inventions and Achievements

  • A study of fossil and suggesting they were extinct species
  • Investigations of combustion came close to discovering oxygen
  • A thermometer
  • An air pump
  • Iris diaphragm used in cameras today
  • The sash window
  • First anemometer

    Return to the Astronomy For Kids Online homepage from this Robert Hooke Biography page.